Ashoka is an important Ayurvedic herb used mainly in bleeding gynecological conditions. Its botanical name is Saraka indica or Saraca asoca and it belongs to Caesalpinoidae family.
Ashoka Tree is one of the most legendary and sacred trees of India and holds an invaluable importance in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. It is an evergreen tree 15-20 meters high. The leaves are 15cm long and of oblong shape. Ashoka tree produces a huge bunch of sweet smelling flowers all through the year and profuse flowering occurs from February to May. The flowers are polygamous, yellowish orange and scarlet. The plant grows faster in tropical and sub-tropical situation. The bark can be separated from 10 years older trees or more than that. All parts of the tree such as bark, leaves, flowers and seeds are used medicinally. Due to its medicinal value, it is known as a universal plant.
The bark is comprised of sodium, silica, magnesium, iron, calcium, aluminum and strontium. Other components include sterol, tannins, catechol and other calcium compounds.