Coriander is known to be both a perennial as well as an annual herb. It is a sweet smelling and erect plant that grows up to the length of 20cms. This herb has a number of branches and its feeble smooth green stem is edible. The leaves of the plant are thin and can be broken with ease. They are green in color when tender and turn brownish yellow after it ripens. The sweet fragrance of the plant makes it stand out. This herb is known as Dhania in Hindi. It belongs to the family of Apiaceae.
The plants of coriander are used in sauces, soups and curries. The oil of the herb is used in medicines and the dried coriander is an important additive in curry powders. This herb is also used to pickle spices, seasonings and sausages.
The leaves of the herb work as a tonic and a stimulant. They make the stomach strong and are known to increase secretion of juices, relieve flatulence as well as reduce fever. Coriander also acts as an aphrodisiac, discharging urine, removal of phlegm from the bronchial tube and helps in the elimination of catarrhal substances from the body. Coriander seeds give a feeling of coolness. The juice of the herb is highly beneficial because of the presence of Vitamin A, B, B2, C and iron.